This article consists of two sections: (i) an introduction to solitary opinions (mufrad pl. mufradāt) in the Ḥanbalī school, and (ii) a translation of the chapter of pilgrimage from Aḥmad al-Damanhūrī’s (d. 1192/1788) Al-Fatḥ al-rabbānī bi-mufradāt ibn Ḥanbal al-Shaybānī – a concise manual which lists the legal opinions that Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal singled out from al-Shāfiʿī.
Solitary opinions (mufrad pl. mufradāt) are unique juristic views, which one of the four Imams, namely Abū Ḥanīfa (d. 150/767), Mālik (d. 179/796), al-Shāfiʿī (d. 204/820) and Aḥmad (d. 241/855) upheld within their juristic schools. These well-established legal opinions were not shared by any of the other Imams. Based on the aforementioned definition, the legal opinions in the English translation of al-Damanhūrī’s manual are not totally unique to the Ḥanbalī school only; rather they are legal opinions, which Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal singled out from his teacher, al-Shāfiʿī. Aḥmad al-Damanhūrī stipulated this objective in his introduction to the manual. He also specified that he would only cite the reliable opinions of the two law schools when mentioning their differences. Al-Damanhūrī was a highly reputable scholar, who mastered the four law schools. He was given license to issue legal verdicts according to the four law schools from his respected teachers; he was even given the agnomen ‘al-Madhāhibī’ – follower of all the law schools. Continue reading “The opinions that Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal singled out from al-Shāfiʿī in pilgrimage”